Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in dental plaque, the sticky substance that forms on your teeth a couple of hours after you have brushed. Interestingly, it is your body's response to the bacterial infection that causes most of the problems. In an effort to eliminate the bacteria, the cells of your immune system release substances that cause inflammation and destruction of the gums, periodontal ligament or alveolar bone. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums, signs of gingivitis, and loosening of the teeth, a sign of severe periodontitis.
Although bacterial plaque buildup is the main cause of periodontal disease, several other factors, including other diseases, medications and oral habits, also can contribute. These are factors that can increase your risk of gum disease or make it worse once the infection has set in:
- Smoking and tobacco use
- Misaligned or crowded teeth, braces or bridgework
- Grinding, gritting or clenching of teeth
- Fluctuating hormones
- Poor nutrition
If you want to know more about the treatments, please contact us today to schedule an appointment with one of our dentists.
Early intervention can stop a small problem from growing into a big one!